Fever is a common condition found in children. Fever is not a disease. It is a symptom. Hence self administration of medicines to treat fever in children should be avoided and proper medical attention should be given.
Know These Facts
High body temperature need not be an indication for fever. You should use a thermometer to know the body temperature before reaching any conclusion. Small rise in body temperature is normal since it indicates resistance of the body against diseases. High fever leads to shivering of the body as well as dizziness. Recovery from fever is indicated by sweating.
Blankets can be used only if your child feels cold. Let her be in comfortable clothing because of the increased sensitivity of the skin during fever.
Complete rest should be given to your child while in fever. Do not send her to school when she is feverish. If it is viral fever, it can decrease the resistance power of the body making her susceptible to other infections. She can easily spread the disease to other children as well.
If your child is aged below one year she may not have high body temperature during fever. Instead she may refuse to be fed.
To decrease the fever you may do tepid sponging. Do not use ice or ice water for sponging. This may increase the fever. Hence use lukewarm water for sponging. High temperature of the body is used to evaporate this water which causes a reduction in fever. Sponging should not be restricted to forehead. You may do it on the whole body.
There will be excess dehydration during fever. Hence let your child drink more water than usual. Also, give her fruit juices and vegetable soups now and then. This will provide sufficient nutrition and will hydrate her body. If your child is having vomiting and diarrhea during fever, you may give lime juice or rice soups with salt to taste.
If your child shows any of the symptoms like febrile convulsions or febrile fits along with head ache and/or vomiting, or prolonged febrile fits or signs of low blood pressure or excessive dehydration, give her immediate medical attention. During fits you should carefully lie her down and turn her head to one side. Also place her head in a slightly elevated position in order to prevent choking.
Fever if can indicate common cold, can also be a sign of pneumonia. Hence, do not attempt to self-administer medicines to your child.