Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which is seen to affect pregnant women. It usually develops during the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Around 4 to 9 percent of pregnant women around the globe are diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
The hormonal changes which occurs during pregnancy causes an increase in the blood sugar levels leading to gestational diabetes. This condition is usually seen to go away as the blood sugar levels return to normal levels after the birth of the baby.
There are many reasons for the occurrence of gestational diabetes. Obesity, increased age of the mother, a medical history of diabetes and high blood pressure are some of the risk factors.
The symptoms of gestational diabetes include fatigue, increased thirst and hunger and very frequent urination. Women having the condition of gestational diabetes will also tend to put on excessive weight. They will also have frequent infections of the vagina and urinary bladder and will experience blurred vision.
If not dealt with properly gestational diabetes is seen to affect the mother as well as the baby. The baby tends to put on more weight than required .Miscarriage, premature birth, fetal abnormalities and sometimes even fetal death can happen. Also the chance of normal delivery is decreased and a cesarean section will be required.
For keeping gestational diabetes under control your physician will suggest a health plan covering medical checkups, exercises and diet which is to be religiously followed.
The tests for gestational diabetes are performed between 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. The blood sugar level should always be monitored and sometimes the doctor will prescribe regular shots of insulin. Never forget to take your vitamin supplements.
A healthy diet will also help to keep your blood sugar level under control. Eat small meals at regular intervals of time. Avoid foods high in sugar and fat. Snack on foods which are high in complex carbohydrates and fibers. Drink plenty of water. Avoid alcoholic beverages and caffeine.
Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day. Regular exercising helps in maintaining a healthy pregnancy weight. Cycling, walking and swimming can be practiced. Stop exercising if u feel any sort of discomfort
There are no clear cut methods to prevent the occurrence of gestational diabetes. But by following a healthy life style, the risk factors of gestational diabetes can be kept under control.