Infertility has rendered many couples childless. It has affected millions all over the world. Fortunately, with advances in medical science, some advanced infertility treatments are now available. The causes of infertility in both men and women can be categorized into two – hormonal and structural.
Hormonal imbalance can be addressed with medication and change of lifestyle. However, structural defects have to be corrected with surgery. Surgical corrections of these defects do not guarantee that you will become pregnant. However these procedures may increase your potential of getting conceived. Following are some of the common surgical procedures followed in infertile women.
One of the most common structural causes of infertility has to do with def+ects in the fallopian tubes. These are pair of tubes conducting the egg from the ovary to the uterus. A woman’s fallopian tube may get scarred and damaged due to particular medical conditions. In such cases, the eggs are unable to reach the uterus and hence fertilization is not possible.
Fallopian surgery is performed to correct this defect. Usually such surgeries require minimum incision and with the help of tiny instruments that are inserted through the incision. Laparoscopic surgery has minimum risks as well as recovery time. Fallopian surgery is also performed to rejoin the ends of cut tubes. Such a surgery is known as tubal reversal and is conducted on women who had undergone a tubal ligation – a surgical contraceptive procedure.
Surgery as a treatment for infertility may also be followed to correct abnormalities in the uterus. If you have suffered from repeated miscarriages in spite of getting conceived, then it may point to a defect in the uterus. The structural defects in the uterine may be cause by an overgrowth of uterine lining tissues or fibroids, benign tumor containing fibrous tissue. Both these defects can be corrected with surgical procedures. Again laparoscopic surgeries are performed in such cases.
Quite often you may undergo a surgical examination to correctly diagnose your problem before undergoing the actual surgical process. These procedures are almost similar to the actual surgical procedure. Only after a correct diagnosis has been done, your fertility doctor will decide the next course of action.