Asthma during pregnancy can prove harmful for you and your child by cutting on the oxygen available for the fetus. If the asthma is properly managed and controlled, it may not pose any problems during pregnancy.
Experts are of the opinion that most asthma treatments which patients normally take can be used during pregnancy. It is suggested to take the advice of your gynecologist while deciding on the safest treatment for asthma for you.
Uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy poses the risk of high blood pressure that can affect the placenta, kidneys, liver and brain of the mother. It may aggravate the nauseate feeling and more vomiting may occur. It can even complicate the labor process.
For the fetus, it may cause perinatal mortality causing the death of the child before or immediately after birth. It can also cause abnormal or retarded growth so that the child appears small when born. Preterm birth is also a consequence of uncontrolled asthma.
Asthma Management during pregnancy involves charting out an asthma plan to control inflammation and prevent asthma attacks. It should include recording fetal movements by noting the frequency of fetal kicks and if there is any decrease in them. A reduction in the number of fetal kicks during an asthma attack is a warning signal and requires medical attention.
Lung functioning should be monitored carefully during pregnancy to check on the growth of the fetus and the level of oxygen available for it. Monthly checkups with the doctor should be done to determine the changes in asthma severity.
Fetal movements should be recorded daily after a time lapse of 28 weeks. If the mother has severe or moderate asthma, ultrasound after 32 weeks is recommended to monitor fetal growth. It can be performed to check the fetus following an asthma attack.
Avoid tobacco or dust mites that act as triggers to asthma attack. Increased nasal symptoms are also seen as a warning for asthma attacks. Take extra precaution against influenza during pregnancy. Get yourself vaccinated before the start of flu season.
One vaccination is effective for one season and is advised for al pregnant women. The medications for asthma are generally the same during the period of pregnancy.
However, consult your doctor before consuming medications for asthma so that it does not adversely affect the fetus. It is advisable to take regular medical guidance to avoid any risk that may affect the fetus and the mother.