You may have noticed a sudden occurrence of tiny bright red bumps and blisters on your newborn’s smooth soft skin. This might be an indication of a heat rash or miliaria in babies. These skin rashes are caused when your baby becomes overheated either due to the weather conditions or due to tight fitting clothes. You can observe the rashes on the neck, armpits, groin, stomach, chest and buttocks of the baby.
While children of all ages are prone to heat rashes, babies and toddlers are known to suffer more from this problem. This is because they have smaller, immature pores as compared to adults. So each time they sweat to cool down, the pores get clogged up with the sweat. This results in the sweat ducts becoming red and inflamed. It might also cause mild itching and a prickling sensation.
A heat rash in babies is usually not a serious condition. However it is an indication that your baby is overheated. This might cause a heat stroke or the baby might get dehydrated. Moreover the intense itching and the stinging sensation caused by heat rashes can be extremely distressing for the baby. To ease the discomfort and prevent the baby from suffering from heat rashes in future there are certain steps that you can take.
To treat heat rashes you need to start by cooling your baby off. If the room is too hot or humid then place the baby in an airy room and place a fan near the baby’s bed. If he is sweating too much then loosen any tight fitting clothes that the baby may be wearing and place him on a cotton towel to wipe off the sweat.
Apply cold wet compresses on the areas affected by the rashes. This helps in reducing the inflammation and control the severe itching.
Give the baby a bath in lukewarm water to which a teaspoon of baking soda has been added. After the bath, rather than using towels to dry your baby let his skin air dry naturally. Do not apply talcum powders or thick moisturizing lotions as they may end up clogging the pores. If the rashes are severe then the pediatrician might recommend using a hydrocortisone cream. Calamine lotions or a light dusting of cornstarch can help soothe the baby’ skin and treat the rashes.
To prevent heat rashes it is advisable to dress your toddler in loose fitting comfortable cotton clothes especially when the weather is hot and humid. Place the baby in a cool and airy room and make sure that he has plenty of fluids. If the heat rashes are severe and are accompanied by fever then it is best to see a doctor.