There are various methods of birth control which is practiced nowadays. Among these, birth control pills are an effective form of medication against pregnancy. Birth control pills basically act by controlling the hormones involved in the ovulation cycle.
There are mainly 3 types of birth control pills. The first type is the combination pill which consists of estrogen and an artificial form of progesterone known as progestin.
Another type of birth control pill known as the mini pill contains only progestin. This pill is meant for nursing mothers who can’t take the combination pill, as estrogen in the combination pill will reduce the milk production in a breast feeding women.
The last type of birth control pill is called emergency contraceptive pill. This pill is not supposed to be taken regularly but is to be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex so as to avoid pregnancy.
Apart from acting as a contraceptive, birth control pill also help in deceasing PMS symptoms, reduces acne problems and provides relief from menstrual cramps.
But there are also many side effects which come along with the usage of birth control pills. You are prone to have headache, vomiting, dizziness and breast tenderness with the regular usage of birth control pills. Leg swelling, abdominal pain and blurred vision are the other possible side effects.
Since birth control pills interfere with the ovulation process, it can lead to irregular bleeding. Sometimes the usage of contraceptive pills can stop the ovarian follicles from maturing and can thus interfere with fertility. The high amount of estrogen can also cause the darkening of the skin.
There are many factors to be considered while choosing a birth control pill. Women who are above the age of 35 and those who have the habit of smoking should refrain from having birth control pills. Such women will have an increased risk of blood clots, stroke and heart attack by using birth control pills.If you are diabetic or you have a family history of cancer, then it is better to avoid taking these pills.
It is important that you take only the required dose of contraceptive pills, as an overdose can turn out to be even fatal. For your health and safety, you should always consult your physician before using birth control pills.