Miscarriage is the first word that comes into your mind when you think about bleeding during pregnancy. But that is not the case always as only 20 percent of the bleeding episodes result in miscarriage. There are many causes of bleeding happening during pregnancy
Bleeding in early pregnancy
Almost 70 percent of pregnant women experience bleeding during the first trimester. Most people get spotting which they confuse with normal bleeding. Spotting will not be as prolonged as normal menstrual bleeding and will be of a light pink or brown color.
Spotting occurs mostly due to implantation and is scientifically called implantation bleeding. Implantation bleeding occurs usually 5-12 days after ovulation, around the time of getting your normal period.
This happens when the fertilized egg implants itself into the lining of the uterus, and varies from spotting to very light bleeding lasting for 2 to 3 days. Also during early pregnancy there will be an increased flow of blood to the cervix.
This sometimes results in slight bleeding .Vaginal infections and also inflammations in the cervix due to recent pelvic examination can cause bleeding. A cause of bleeding which is a critical condition and most often leading to termination of pregnancy is ectopic pregnancy,
where pregnancy occurs outside the uterus. In any case if the bleeding gets out of hand and is accompanied by cramps and stomach aches, then surely visit your medical practitioner as soon as possible. Chances of miscarriage are very high in the first trimester. That is why bleeding causes unnecessary panic in the minds of people.
Bleeding During Late Pregnancy
During the second and last trimester bleeding can be caused again by inflammations or infections of the cervix. There are many conditions during late pregnancy when bleeding is considered to be fatal.
There can be a sudden abruption of placenta which results in bleeding. Also low lying placenta or placental previa is a condition where bleeding is caused. But during the last trimester the most common cause of bleeding ever noticed is preterm labor.
There is a chance of bleeding to happen anytime during pregnancy. Immediate medical care and attention should promptly be ensured if a case of bleeding occurs. Be in touch with your ob/gyn always. With proper medical treatment and adequate rest, the problem of bleeding during pregnancy can be tackled to a great extent.