Miscarriage is referred to the loss of the fetus up to the 20th week of pregnancy. If the unborn dies after this period, the phenomenon is known as stillbirth. Miscarriage is a common complication of pregnancy these days and most women experience miscarriage even before their pregnancy gets confirmed.
When pregnancies are conformed within the initial days of conception by performing a test at home followed by the first missed period, the chances of miscarriage are quite high. On an average, one out of six women experience miscarriage at this stage.
As a result of the loss of unborn, the woman experiences heavy menstrual flow few days after the missed period. After the passage of 6 weeks and before the completion of 12 weeks, the rate of miscarriage drops to one in eight cases. Post this period, the chances of miscarriage are rare.
One of the common causes of miscarriage has been identified as chromosomal abnormality or abnormal division of cell at an early stage. Nonetheless this problem can be countered by ensuring good health care before the time of conception and intake of adequate nutrition after conception.
Other reasons also exist for miscarriage but it is usually difficult for doctors to predict them. It has been observed that women who undergo fertility treatment to aid in conception are more prone to miscarriage. Women below 35 years of age have approximately 10-12 percent chances of miscarriage while women between the age group of 35-40 years have 15 percent chances of miscarriage.
As the age increases, the risk of miscarriage rises alarmingly and women above 45 years of age have quite a lot of difficult in conceiving and giving birth to a healthy child.Miscarriage can be prevented by taking certain precautions. Some nutrients boost the health and fitness of a woman during pregnancy.
Folic acid and selenium are vital for the health of the fetus and the mother. Homocysteine is another important nutrient that builds and maintains body tissues. Nonetheless excess of this nutrient can cause harm to the lining of the arteries. Women with frequent pregnancies usually have high levels of homocysteine in their body.