Endometrial polyps or uterine polyps are one of the not-so-rare causes of infertility as well as miscarriage. Uterine polyps refer small vascular growths on the surface of the endometrium, the mucous membrane that lines the uterus. The vascular growth may be present as a single growth or as a group. The size of the polyps may also differ.So how does this growth affect fertility? Though smaller size polyps may not interfere with your reproductive mechanism, polyp overgrowth may prevent the fertilized egg from being implanted into the endometrial wall. And when the polyps are present near the fallopian tube, they may straightaway reject the sperms from entering the uterus.
In both cases, you end being unable to conceive successfully. Although the nature of these vascular growths is clear, the exact causes of uterine polyps are not well known. Over production of estrogen is sometimes link to presence of uterine polyps.
Now you may ask if there are any symptoms of uterine polyps. Well, the only recognizable sign of polyp presence in the uterine is irregular and excessive menstrual bleeding.
Apart from this sign, there are no pointers for presence of polyps thereby making their detection difficult. Women in their 30s and 40s are also more susceptible to this condition. As such, with increasing age you are more likely to be affected by uterine polyps.
If your physician suspects the presence of these growths, he may recommend you a vaginal ultrasound to detect the presence of polyps. If you already have had kids and have no further plans to become pregnant again, you need not remove the polyps as they may disappear on their own.
However, if this condition is preventing you from getting pregnant, your physician will recommend endometrial polyps treatment with curettage or removal under general anesthesia. In cases where there is a cluster of polyps present, hysterectomy or removal of the uterus remains the only option.
In most cases, women are able to get conceived and enjoy successful pregnancy post uterine polyp removal. If you had miscarried due to this condition, you may be successful this time around having removed the polyps. As such, there is nothing much to worry about as far as the treatment of uterine polyps is concerned.