After the passage of first three months from the birth of the child, the process of immunization of the child against infectious diseases is started. During the immunization process, the baby is vaccinated with an innocuous version of the germ which is responsible for the occurrence of the disease.
The germ inserted in the body of the child is too frail to actually cause the disease. But the presence of the germ in the body triggers the production of antibodies that prevent the occurrence of the disease in the future. Therefore, it is essential to continue with the process of immunization of the child. Some parents are apprehensive about the immunization process.
They avoid their child getting immunized to protect the child against the potential risks. Or they think that the disease is too rare to affect their child. However lesser number of immunized children can result in quick spread of the disease ultimately leading to an epidemic. Immunization controls the spread of disease and helps to eradicate it completely.
Usually immunization is safe for the child. Nonetheless, sometimes the child can get a bit unwell following the immunization. Children who have convulsions or have a history of epilepsy in their family are more susceptible to the adverse effects of the whooping cough vaccine. Children who have been unwell or have cold or have been taking antibiotics should not be vaccinated for at least a week or two.
The after-effects of immunization generally include mild fever. It is advisable to take a reading of the temperature of your child after being immunized. In case the child displays signs of fever, a dose of paracetamol elixir can be given. Sometimes a lump is formed at the site of the injection which disappears in a few weeks time by itself.
Children injected with measles vaccination display signs of swelling on the face after three weeks from the date of immunization. If this swelling is followed by other symptoms including rise in temperature, medical guidance should be undertaken as soon as possible.
Meningitis, Tetanus, Diphtheria, Whooping cough and polio immunization are given after three months from the birth of the baby. Vaccinations of measles, German measles and mumps are given when the child turns at least 12 months old.