Earlier a full term women was used to be given castor oil, and the next day labour would be triggered off if they were really ready to go in to labor. Sometimes it was coupled with a hot bath and enema.
About 25 to 50 ml of castor oil could be whisked in a hot sweetened cup of milk and drunk by the women a night before she is scheduled for an induction of labor.
Sweeping and Stretching or Stripping
Just before or during labor, when the cervix is lax, this procedure can be carried out. About 25 to 50 ml of castor oil could be whisked with sweetened milk is drunk by women a night before she is scheduled for labor. While an internal vaginal examination is being given, the membranes of the water bag are swept off the wall of the uterus around its mouth, by the fingers, and the cervix is also stretched a little by the fingers. This speeds up labor.
Gel or Pessary
A gel or pessary containing prostaglandin hormone could be placed at the mouth of the womb or cervix during a vaginal examination. As it melts and comes in contact with the cervix, it causes it to soften in preparation for birth.
Artificial Rupture of Membranes
Artificial rupture of membranes, often referred to ads ARM, consists of artificially rupturing the membrane of the bag of waters surrounding the baby in the womb. It is done during an internal vaginal examination. If the membranes are not made to rupture, they might rupture spontaneously during the course of labor, more typically when dilation of the cervix has been completed.
In some instances the membranes may rupture at birth. After the bag is made to burst, the contractions will increase in intensity. ARM speeds up labor, and is one way of inducing contractions. It is useful in prolonged labors with little progress. It is also useful when the fetal heart shows signs of distress.
The breaking of the water then facilitates the doctor to check the water for me conium staining. If the water is colored green or muddy colored from the baby’s stool, it is a sign of distress, for the baby normally should pass the first stool after birth, not in the uterus.
An injection of pitocin may be given in the arm or on the hip. Pitocin speeds up labor when contractions become lax. Once labor is established a course of 3 to 5 apidocin injections may be given to speed up the opening up or dilation of the cervix.
The commonly used procedure for induction these days is to trigger off labor with the use of synthetic form of the oxytocin hormone, which in natural labor is secreted by the mother’s pituitary gland and makes the uterus contract. Doctors like to use drip because the glucose gives you energy without your needing to eat anything.