Choosing between the various contraceptive options available in the market can be difficult, unless you know what type will suit you the best. Read on to find out what birth control options are available and how you can choose the right one for you.
If you have decided that your family is complete and that you do not want any more children, you can choose the permanent surgical method of birth control. Otherwise, any other temporary form of contraception can be opted.
Natural birth control
Also called the natural family planning method, this follows the most natural way of preventing pregnancy. To do this, you need to keep track of your ovulation by checking your basal body temperature or looking for changes in the cervical mucus and avoid intercourse around this time.
Barrier method, as the name suggests, include physical or chemical barrier that prevents the sperm from entering and fertilizing an egg. The male and the female condoms, spermicide gels/foams that kill the sperms, diaphragm and cervical cap which are placed into the vagina prior to intercourse are a few of the barrier methods.
Hormonal medications administered in the form of a birth-control pill, implant, vaginal ring, patch, or injection adjusts the levels of your hormones to prevent a pregnancy from happening. The NuvaRing, Ortho Evra patch, Depo-Provera and Lunelle injections are examples of the hormonal method.
The IUD is a small device which contains hormones or copper and is inserted into the uterus by a doctor. The IUD causes changes in the cervical mucus and the lining of the uterus, thereby preventing implantation. ParaGard and Mirena are examples of IUD.
Both male and female sterilization options are available. The female sterilization method is called tubal ligation where the fallopian tubes are surgically closed, thereby preventing the transportation of egg from ovaries to the uterus. The male sterilization method is called vasectomy and this includes surgically closing the tubes that transport the sperms.
Discussing the pros and cons of each type of birth control option with your doctor is essential. Your doctor will be able to brief you about the various available options and help in deciding the most suitable method for you.