Excessive vomiting in pregnancy and a group of 3 disorders – raised blood pressure, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are some common conditions a pregnant woman might suffer from. Disorders identified through blood tests are anemia, due to iron and folic acid deficiency, and rhesus incompatibility, antepartum is another disorder that is watched for.
A variety of tests including ultrasound and X-Rays are also carried out to locate the position of the baby and the placenta in the womb, so as to avoid any complication. The baby’s normal, head down position may be reversed; it may face forward instead of backwards. If necessary, the baby’s position may be corrected during antenatal visits.
If the tests show that a normal birth may not be possible, the doctor will recommend a Cesarean operation. Normal birth may be difficult if the baby’s head is too big, or the bones of the mother’s birth canal too narrow. Birth may also be difficult if the placenta is attached to the lower part of the womb rather than the upper, because it may hinder the passage of the baby through the neck of the womb.
Multiple pregnancies such as twins or triplets are also identified at the antenatal clinic. Excess amniotic fluid in the womb may be a sign of multiple pregnancy or abnormalities. If the doctor suspects abnormalities then a sample of the amniotic fluid may be tested. Pregnancy may also aggravate existing diseases or increase the likelihood of the others.
Diseases occurring during pregnancy include cystitis and other urinary infections which may only be identified during routine analysis of the urine sample, and vaginal thrush. Dental decay is often aggravated by pregnancy and regular visits to the dentists are important.
If the mother-to be has diabetes the insulin dosage may have to be altered. The mother is also examined for heart and lung diseases such as mitral stenosis, asthma, tuberculosis, venereal disease, and raised blood pressure. During pregnancy, a single microscopic cell develops into a full-grown baby containing more than 6 million cells.
It is the time of the most rapid growth in a human beings life, and it is not surprising that the changes in the growing baby are reflected in the mother. Therefore, regular medical check-ups are essential for the health of the mother and the baby.