The nutritional needs of a pregnant woman are very much different from that of a non pregnant adult female. Eating a well balanced diet is required for the well being of the mother as well as the baby. Vitamins play a major role in helping to maintain a healthy pregnancy.
Vitamins supply the body with adequate nutrients which help s in keeping the body healthy and fit. There are many essential vitamins which should be taken without fail during pregnancy.
Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin which is found in spinach, mango, pumpkin and papaya. Beef liver is also said to be a rich source of this vitamin. Vitamin A is very much required for the proper embryonic development of the fetus.
Vitamin C also gains prime importance during pregnancy as deficiency of this vitamin is considered to be a high risk factor in developing the condition of gestational diabetes. Vitamin C also boosts the immune system thus reducing the chance of contracting infections and diseases. It also helps in fighting pregnancy fatigue.
Citrus fruits like orange is a high source of vitamin C. Leafy vegetables like cabbage, spinach and cauliflower also contain this vitamin.
The vitamins of the B complex family should be definitely included in your pregnancy diet. Of these vitamins vitamin B9 or folic acid gains the utmost importance during pregnancy time. It is very essential in preventing the occurrence of neural tube defects in the baby.
Deficiency of vitamin B9 also leads to conditions premature birth and placental detachment from the uterine wall. Leafy vegetable are an excellent source of folic acid.
Vitamin B6 is also necessary in adequate amounts during pregnancy. The lack of this vitamin leads to depression, anemia, lack of energy and leg cramps. This vitamin is found in abundance in leafy vegetables, bananas, brown rice, wheat flour and chicken.
Vitamin D is very much important for the proper growth and development of bones in the baby. If your pregnancy diet lacked this vitamin, your baby will show certain defects after his birth. He might have rickets, poor teeth and also unhealthy bone structure. Fish liver oil, mushrooms and cashew nuts contain this vitamin in high quantities.
Your doctor may prescribe prenatal vitamins supplements for you. It is essential for you to have these supplements as prescribed by the doctor so as to enjoy a healthy pregnancy.