Fertility drugs are medications which are used to treat female infertility. This is the most common form of fertility treatment followed by women who have ovulation disorders.
Failure to ovulate properly in time decreases the chance of a woman to conceive. Fertility drugs helps to solve this problem and thus increases the chances of the woman to overcome infertility and become pregnant.
Sometimes fertility drugs are also used to increase the number of ova produced at a time. This is usually done when the couple has opted for IVF treatment and more number of eggs have to be retrieved for the purpose.
These drugs correct the irregularities in the ovulation cycle of a woman by acting upon the hormones which influences ovulation. Some fertility drugs are orally taken while some others are injected.
Clomiphine citrate, commercially known as clomid is the most widely used drug for fertility treatments. It is also used in combination with other fertility treatments like artificial insemination. You might experience mild side effects like headache, nausea and dizziness after intake of the drug.
In place of oral medications, your doctor can also prescribe you injectable hormones like hCG (human cortico gonadotropic hormone) which helps to mature egg. He can also suggest the use of follicle stimulating hormone (fsh) or human menopausal gonadotrophin (hMG) which stimulates the growth of multiple egg cells.
Stomach, buttocks, upper arms and upper thighs are the common injection sites.Some women may experience mild side effects like blisters or infections at the site of injection.
The main disadvantage of fertility drugs is that there is a chance for multiple pregnancies to occur. The chances of having twins or triplets are very high and so naturally the risks associated with the pregnancy will also increase.
Ovarian Hyper stimulation Syndrome (OHSS) can also occur due to the usage of fertility drugs. Here the ovaries become stimulated and become extremely large and filled with fluid. This fluid which is released during ovulation can sometimes lead to complications. Sudden weight gain, chest pains and problems with urinating usually accompany the hyper stimulation of ovaries.
Do not resort to taking fertility medications on your own as it may lead to unpredictable complications. Do consult your doctor and decide upon the drug which is most suited for your needs.