In the early days of pregnancy the entire body starts to function at a very high speed than normal days. The first and foremost noticeable thing is absence of menstrual period in many cases. The first month of pregnancy is calculated from the first day of last menstrual period till next four weeks.
The first month is counted as the days prior to formation of the ovulation, even the women is not pregnant at that time. It will help to calculate the due date even at home. Calculation is done by counting nine months from the first day of last period and adding another seven days. That calculated date will be the approximant due date of delivery.
The second weekend after menstrual cycle is the best time to have sexual intercourse and acquire pregnancy. This is the best time to for the combination of sperm and egg. Within four days of the fertilization, the fertilised egg reaches the oviduct and prepares for grow. Ultimately, on the fourth week, the embryo cell is settled in the womb. In the initial stage the little bud is only about 0.5 to 1 cm in length.
During the first month of pregnancy, the would be mother may experience various types of symptoms such as vomiting, giddiness, absence of menstrual period, headaches, sensing fullness, development of poor or bad appetite, frequent tendency of urination and tenderness of the breasts. Frequent urination is caused due to increased production of progesterone hormone, relaxing the muscles of bladder.
High level of progesterone may cause constipation and it may get worse if you are having iron supplements. This process will continue in the entire pregnancy period. However some of the women have no such type of symptoms and have no bad feeling. It is totally normal case. It depends on every individual woman.
First and Second Week of Pregnancy
During the first and second week the development of the baby is very less and appears very tiny. During these weeks be sure that you have scheduled visit with your doctor to know all the risks or any genetic diseases and to have a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby. It is prescribed to take folic acid of 400 microgram or 0.4 milligram.
Third Week of Pregnancy
In the third month, the fertilized egg is the size of a pin head, which is really very small. It is only a group of 100 cells that is growing very fast and rapidly. The outerside of the egg has become a placenta and inner is converted into an embryo. In third month also there is no physical change in the would-be mother’s body.
Home pregnancy test is another very easy and immediate way to confirm pregnancy, instead of waiting for doctor visit. However, tools used in pregnancy should be clean and hygienic.
Fourth Week of Pregnancy
In the fourth month, the embryo starts to develop, but still it is still very small. It is usually about 0.014 to 0.04 inches long in measurement. The baby is nourished by formation of uterine lining. All the layers inside which the baby develops are specialized for their particular function. The outer layer is responsible for nervous system, hair, skin development; the middle layer is responsible for bones, skeleton, muscles, circulatory system, kidney and reproductive systems and inner layer is responsible for development of digestive system, organs and breathing system.
Precautions During First Month of Pregnancy
If you are pregnant, it is good to avoid or stay away from crowded areas due to over gathering. It is essential to get prevention from getting in contact with person suffering from influenza, hepatitis and some other harmful diseases. It is better to stay away from the using medicines or drugs. These may affect the developing embryo, particularly throughout first month of pregnancy.
Keep distance from any type of electromagnetic devices like radio, television, etc. Reduce the utilisation of computer, microwave ovens, and mobile phones and especially do not use electro-thermal blanket during sleep. All these things are responsible for producing electromagnetic field, resulting in getting harm to your developing baby. Stop the drinking of concentrated coffee, tea and any cold drink. Water and milk is the best drink during pregnancy. It is very essential to take a balanced, nutritious and healthy diet along with good eating habits.
However, there is no significant change in the mother physical status but may feel little bloated and waistband may feel tight. The size of the breast starts to increase becoming full and soft. There will be vaginal secretion which is a hormonal effect. This secretion will last through out the pregnancy. Usually, the vaginal secretion is like mucus and transparent to white in colour with no odour.
But occasionally due to infection, the secretion may be thick having off colour, foul odour along with blood and itching. Under this condition, immediately call your doctor. In some women, there may be minor vaginal flow of blood after seven to ten days of ovulation formation. It is caused when the embryo settles itself over the uterine wall.
During the initially weeks of pregnancy, you feel very tired. So, it is better to take rest during the day. Otherwise go to bed early at night because the baby also needs rest and it is the time for baby to take sleep. During pregnancy, the entire process of cardiovascular system is changed. The oxygen and the nutrients are carried to the baby through the blood to nourish and accelerate the growth and development of the baby.
Hormones of pregnancy can expand to a great extent so that it can accommodate 50% more blood. The resultant of the cardiac system i.e., blood pump by the heart is increased by about 30 to 90 %. The blood pressure is reduced. It will make you feel like faint or light headed. Just sit down do not lie on your back, it may induce pressure on the main vessel of blood which circulates the oxygen. It may increase the giddiness. It is advised not to go for long car journeys to avoid miscarriages.
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