Diabetes that develops during pregnancy is medically termed as gestational diabetes. As the name suggests this type of diabetes occurs only in pregnant women and goes away with the birth of the baby.
Women who test positive for gestational diabetes are regularly monitored. They are also advised on their diet plan and exercise schedules.
The aim is to help the mothers-to-be manage gestational diabetes properly so that the risk associated with diabetes can be minimal.
Once you test positive for gestational diabetes make an appointment with your doctor. The doctor will help you make a diet plan that you will need to follow for the rest of your pregnancy. The doctor will also prescribe medications to keep your blood sugar levels in control. You may also be a given demo on how to do a self test of blood glucose level at home.
You will need to do a blood glucose level test every morning on empty stomach. Check with your doctor on what your desired fasting number should be.
For breakfast you will be given choices between scrambled egg (only white), green vegetables, whole wheat toast without butter, peanut butter sandwich, oats, cornflakes or waffles.You may include fresh fruit juice without sugar.
You will be required to monitor your blood glucose level again a couple of hours after breakfast. Maintain a journal of what you had for breakfast. This will help you avoid foods that may be increasing your glucose levels.Eat a snack post the test. The snack should be high in protein and low in carbohydrates. Low fat cheese, carrots, hummus, or a slice of wheat bread will make good mid-morning snacks.
For lunch you may have soup, vegetable salad or chicken salad and a low calorie fruit like apple. Chicken sandwich without cheese and mayonnaise is also a good option.
Post lunch you will have to record your blood glucose levels again. Note down in your journal what you ate for lunch.
In the evening you can have a glass of fresh fruit juice, handful of nuts, a piece of fruit or unsalted, butter-less popcorns.
Dinner should be early and can include white meat, non-starchy veggies with a bowl of brown rice or wheat pasta.
Monitor your blood glucose level after dinner as well.
You are allowed a pre-bed snack of low fat yoghurt, crackers, wheat cookies or popcorn.
By keeping your diet in control you can avoid the use of medication or insulin shots.