A pregnancy in which there is an increased chance of complications to occur for both the mother as well as the baby is termed as a high risk pregnancy.About 20 percent of all pregnancies come under the category of high risk pregnancies.
Here there is a high chance of mortality of the mother as well as the baby during pregnancy, labor or post delivery.
There are many factors based on which a pregnancy can be classified as a high risk one. Maternal age plays an important role in determining the level of risk of a pregnancy. If the age of the mother is under 16 or above 35, then the pregnancy is classified as a high risk pregnancy.
Your pregnancy can be classified under the high risk category if you are underweight or overweight or if you have had any problems in your previous pregnancies. Your lifestyle also determines whether you will have a normal pregnancy or not. If the expectant mother has the habit of smoking or over consumption of alcohol, her pregnancy will definitely be at risk.
Pre existing health problems also influence the risk level of a pregnancy. A pregnancy will turn to be a high risk one if the mother has a pre existing condition of high blood pressure, diabetes, epilepsy, uterine fibroids or any sexually transmitted diseases.
Even if a woman is healthy prior pregnancy, she can develop certain health problems during the time of pregnancy which will make her pregnancy a high risk one. Gestational diabetes and preeclampsia are two pregnancy conditions that can turn your pregnancy into a high risk one.
It is always advisable for a woman to undergo preconception checkups before she starts planning for a baby. By doing so, the chance of having a high risk pregnancy can be evaluated and steps can be taken to minimize the risks if any.
A pregnant woman should take all the necessary measures to avoid developing risks during her pregnancy. Maintain a healthy pregnancy weight and follow a regular exercise regime and a healthy diet. Also have all the prescribed prenatal supplements and lead a healthy life style.
High risk pregnancies require extra monitoring and care as compared to normal pregnancies. The method and strategies of treatment and care will be determined by the physician based on your age, health and medical conditions.