Diabetes is a disease of great concern. In this health condition either the pancreas stop producing insulin or your body is unable to use insulin produced in your body due to certain factors. In diabetes, blood sugar level becomes high because sugar is not fully used by your body.
If blood sugar level becomes too high, it can cause damage to kidney or your nerves can get damaged which can lead to blindness, amputation of legs etc.
There are different kinds of diabetes such as Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a condition which occurs in pregnant women during pregnancy.
If gestational diabetes is taken care of properly, it will not cause any major problem to the fetus otherwise carelessness in gestational diabetes can harm the unborn child to a great extent. If diabetes during pregnancy is not controlled through proper treatment then it can cause hypoglycemia in infants. Other problems which may occur can be stated as macrosomia, stillbirth and other birth defects.
Diabetes can affect the unborn child in many ways. The unborn child can grow abnormally which may cause complications during childbirth. Such infants fit the birth canal with great difficulty.
Such case is also known as macrosomia in which the child becomes oversized. In such case natural birth through vagina becomes risky for the child as well as the mother. In such case cesarean section is performed to deliver the child. Therefore you need to monitor your blood sugar during pregnancy.
Children who are born to diabetic mothers need special care and their blood sugar levels should be monitored regularly to prevent hypoglycemia. Such children get used to high blood sugar levels when they are unborn. Post delivery, they do not get the same amount of nutrition through the amniotic fluid and eventually their blood sugar levels decrease remarkably which causes hypoglycemia. In such condition, glucose injection is given to them.
Women who are diabetic pre-pregnancy should take more care during pregnancy. Due to high blood sugar levels, fetus is deprived of enough oxygen and other vital nutrients. This can lead to still birth. An increased level of blood sugar levels also causes respiratory problems among the unborn babies therefore you must get your blood sugar controlled.