You may have heard about the HCG levels from the doctor during the early phase of pregnancy. It is important for a pregnant woman to know what HCG actually is, as well as the significance of its level. HCG stands for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin.
This is a specific glycoprotein hormone which is produced inside the pituitary gland. This hormone is found predominantly in the pregnant women. During early pregnancy, this hormone is produced by the embryo, but in the later stage, it is produced in a part of placenta.
A blood test is used to detect this after about 8 to 11 days of ovulation. The corpus letum is maintained by HCG. This produces progesterone in the early phase of pregnancy. It provides the uterus lining with additional blood cells and capillaries. This is vital for keeping the embryo in a safe environment. Thus, HCG plays a major role during pregnancy and so, it is important to check HCG level.
How To Check HCG Levels During Pregnancy
Normal Levels of HCG
There is a particular range which is considered to be the normal level of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. In most cases of pregnancy, the levels of HCG get doubled in every 2 to 3 days. The beta-HCG level may be checked by the doctor for multiple times to check whether the hormone is increasing in the correct manner or not.
An HCG level chart is used to determine whether the amount of the hormone is normal or not. If the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin does not double every few days, then there might be certain complications. In such case, you need to speak with the doctor who might recommend an ultrasound or other tests.
Checking the levels of HCG is an excellent way of keeping a track on the physical changes taking place at the time of pregnancy. In fact, in the home pregnancy test, it is the level of HCG that is actually detected. There is no particular HCG level as every individual is different from the other.
However, the progression of the levels during pregnancy is generally similar where the hormone gets doubled in every 2 to 3 days. The levels might decline after two to three months of pregnancy. This is quite normal and you do not have to get worried.
High and Low Levels of HCG
The high levels of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin might indicate a multiple pregnancy or molar pregnancy, which occurs because of any genetic error. It can result in the development of abnormal tissues inside the uterus. If you find a low HCG level, then it can be a possible indication of the danger of miscarriage.
Low levels can also mean ectopic pregnancy or blighted ovum. Both high, as well as low levels of HCG can also mean that the date of conception was not calculated correctly. However, a pregnancy can be perfectly healthy in case of lower or higher amount of the HCG hormone.
Check HCG level and see if the hormone is being produced in the right quantity or not. You must stay informed and consult your physician on a regular basis to enjoy a healthy pregnancy.