When you are pregnant, your body develops and changes in ways that will protect you and your baby. One such protective measure is the production of amniotic fluid. This amniotic fluid fills the sac that covers your baby and has several useful functions.
The amniotic fluid protects your baby from shock and disturbance due to sudden movements. It also protects your baby from infection and helps to maintain the temperature inside the womb at a constant level. Therefore it is important to have the right amount of amniotic fluid in your womb.
However, when there is an excess of amniotic fluid produced in your womb, then it leads to certain complications. The increase in amounts of amniotic fluid is known as hydramnios. Hydramnios is also often referred to as ‘polyhydramnios’. If you are carrying twin babies, then another complication may arise.
It may so happen that one baby receives too much amniotic fluid and creates a condition of hrdramnios while the other baby receives too little and develops what is known as oligohydramnios. The following article will talk about how to diagnose hydramnios and how to deal a condition of hydramnios.
Symptoms That Indicate The Occurrence Of Hydramnios
The following points will help you to determine whether you have hydramnios and thus give you tips on how to diagnose hydramnios.
Indicators Of Hydramnios
One of the first indicators of the occurrence of hydramnios is a change in how your stomach feels. If you have developed hydamnios then you will experience a discomfort in your abdomen. Since during pregnancy, discomfort in the abdomen and stomach is often commonly experienced by many women, you may not take this discomfort seriously. However, the uneasiness that you feel in your abdomen may not be a normal symptom in the pregnancy process. This is why it is best for you to consult your physician and not neglect this awkward feeling.
Secondly, the presence of hydramnios is indicated by an increase in back pain. While it is normal to go through some back pain when you are pregnant because of the weight of your stomach, in the case of hdramnios this pain in the back is experienced more often and more intensely. This is because the excess amounts of amniotic fluid that develops inside increases the weight of your womb. The increased weight puts further pressure on your back and hence increases amount of the back pain that you experience.
Thirdly, the excess levels of amniotic fluid that is produced during hydramnios also leads to a swelling in your feet and ankles. A minor swelling in your feet and ankles is a common occurrence during pregnancy. However, this minor swelling will not create any difficulty when you are putting on your shoes. If you have hydramnios, the swelling of your ankles and feet is likely to increase and thus would make it difficult for you to wear your shoes. If you experience this difficulty, then it could mean that you have developed hydramnios.
Fourthly, the chances for the occurrence of hydramnios increase if you have diabetes. If you are a patient of diabetes, then you are more likely to produce increased amounts of amniotic fluid. The occurrence of hydramnios takes place in about 10% of all women who have diabetes.
Hence there are steps which you take to prevent the occurrence of hydramnios if you are already aware that you have diabetes. These steps include monitoring the blood sugar levels in your body, having a balanced diet and exercising. When you are pregnant, you may not feel like exercising however to prevent the development of hydramnios, it is better if you do exercise.
Fifthly, another way in how to diagnose hydramnios is to inquire about your fundal height. The fundal height refers to the dimensions of your uterus. While it is normal for your uterus to keep growing as your pregnancy stages develop, the occurrence of hydramnios will lead to further increase in your fundal height. The excess amounts of amniotic fluid that leads to an abnormal growth in your uterus should be treated immediately. Hence you can ask your physician what your fundal height is if you are wondering whether you have developed hydramnios or not.
Sixthly another way to determine how to diagnose hydramnios is by checking your ultrasound. An ultrasound can detect the levels of amniotic fluid in the sac surrounding your baby and thus tell you whether you have hydramnios. If the ultrasound shows that your pregnancy is more developed than what it should be at that stage, then it is quite likely for you to have developed hydramnios.
Finally, the increase in the amounts of amniotic fluid in the sac protecting your baby can also be determined by calculating the amniotic fluid index score. This index score is calculated by taking measurements of the concentration of fluid collection in your body. If you have developed hydramnios then the amniotic index score will be much higher than normal. The higher the index score is, the higher is the severity of the case of hdramnios in your abdomen.
Dealing With A Case Of Hydramnios
While there is no specific way in which doctors can treat a condition of hydramnos, there are ways in which you can monitor your pregnancy and the occurrence of labor. You can also go for regular non-stress tests and ultrasounds so that you can keep a watch on the hydramnios.
If you are diagnosed with hydramios, you should be monitored by doctors when you go into labor because the increased amounts of amniotic fluid may lead to the prolapsed of the umbilical cord or a placental abruption. In both cases, you will need a caesarian section to deliver your baby. Also, the occurrence of hydramnios can lead to postpartum bleeding and hence your condition will also be checked after you deliver the baby.
However, there is no cause for anxiety or stress if you have developed hydramnos. Increased anxiety will only affect you and your baby’s health. If you monitor your pregnancy and keep a watch on the amniotic levels, you should have nothing to be worried about.