Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a fairly common disorder among women these days. It is a condition that results from an imbalance in hormone levels. This imbalance prevents the ova from maturing and instead converts them into cysts.
As a result, the number of cysts keeps increasing every month and ovulation does not take place. The symptoms of PCOS are often ignored and undiagnosed.
The common signs that may indicate this problem include a change in the pattern and frequency of periods, facial hair growth (hirsutism), drastic fluctuations in weight, acne and elevated blood sugar level. Due to the infrequent periods, ovulation does not take place. This usually results in infertility.
The causes and effects of PCOS are a vicious circle. Women who are overweight are at a higher risk of developing this problem and at the same time lack of weight management may cause PCOS. Maintaining a healthy diet and staying fit are two very crucial elements in the treatment of PCOS. The production of hormones is determined by how healthy the body is.
Many women realize they are suffering from PCOS only when they have problems conceiving a baby. In such cases, the doctor may prescribe some medication to help treat PCOS and improve fertility. Let us go through a list of common medical treatments for this disorder.
Infertility Drugs For PCOS
This is a type of drug used to treat infertility caused by PCOS. It releases chemicals in the body that prevent the brain from detecting a hormone called Estrogen. When this happens, the body goes into overdrive to release Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Lutropin (these hormones force the ovaries to ovulate and release the eggs).
This medicine is highly effective in regulating the menstrual cycle which in turn causes ovulation. However, do not take this medicine without consulting a registered medical practitioner. The side effects may be harmful to health if the medicine is not taken in recommended quantities.
The common name for this medicine is Metformin (this is a drug for treating diabetes). Sometimes PCOS prevents the body from producing adequate amounts of insulin which results in a high level of blood sugar. Consuming metformin does not reduce the blood sugar but enhances the production of insulin. Insulin is the primary substance for maintaining normal sugar level in the body.
Some women are diagnosed as pre-diabetic because of PCOS. This causes excessive production of testosterone (male hormone) and inhibits ovulation. Reducing the level of blood sugar will also diminish the quantity of the male hormone and make the ovaries function normally.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Lutropin are classified as gonadotropins. Another option for treating PCOS-induced infertility is by injecting patients with these hormones. As discussed earlier, these hormones cause ovulation. The chance of pregnancy is very high through this treatment.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
This is a naturally occurring hormone in the female body but is not always in adequate quanity. It forces the follicles in the ovaries to burst and release the eggs. An injection of HCG may be given one day prior to the expected date of ovulation. Sexual intercourse is recommended within a few hours of this treatment.
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