You must have heard about artificial insemination many a times. This is one of the advanced but simple procedures for infertility treatment. This treatment has been used with high percentage of success in many women worldwide. Hence it will be worthwhile to deliberate briefly on artificial insemination as a solution for infertility.
Artificial insemination is best defined as the procedure of placing sperms directly into the oviduct or uterus by some means other than sexual intercourse. As such, the role of male reproductive organ is bypassed by this procedure.
For reasons if the male partner is unable to release semen into the female reproductive organ, artificial insemination is a viable alternative. Again, if his sperm count is low, this technique can be used. Donor sperms can be used in this process. Also, if a woman has issues with her cervical mucus, artificial insemination may be the solution.
There are three forms of artificial insemination – IUI or intrauterine insemination, ICI or intracervical insemination, and intratubal insemination. In IUI, the sperms are placed directly into a woman’s uterus thereby increasing the chances of a sperm meeting an egg in quick time and fertilizing it.
ICI involves depositing the sperms in the cervix from where the sperms reach the uterus to fertilize the egg. This method is relative quick, simple and pain-free. The intratubal method is used rarely and with low success rate. Your doctor after a thorough examination will be able to recommend the right artificial insemination method for you.
In both ICI and IUI, the semen is treated in the lab and only the sperms with high motility are used. Moreover, harmful chemicals compound are removed from the semen for quicker fertilization. Also, determining the time of insemination is also very important.
It is usually done just before or on the day of ovulation as the woman is most fertile during this period. The hormones levels as well as the body basal temperature are monitored to determine the ovulation. Ultrasound method can also help in determining ovulation. The sperms are then placed into the targeted area using a needle-less syringes or a catheter.
So, consult your fertility doctor to see if you are a fit candidate for artificial insemination.