If your child is injured, always treat the most serious injury first. If he is unconscious, check his breathing, and resuscitate him if necessary, before giving him first aid for any other injury.
If he is breathing, first treat anything that might prevent him breathing properly, such as choking, suffocation or drowning, then control any heavy bleeding.
If your child is badly injured or in shock, he will need urgent medical treatment, but you should give first aid before calling for medical help. If you need to get your child to the hospital quickly, it may be faster to take him there yourself, rather than to wait for occasions when you must call an ambulance.
Getting your child to Hospital:
Call for an ambulance, or ask someone else to phone if: you think your child might have a spinal injury; you think he needs special treatment while travelling; you have no suitable transport of your own.
If you take your child to hospital yourself, try to get someone else drive while you sit in back with your child and continue to give first aid. If you need an ambulance and your child is unconscious, don’t leave him alone for more than a minute or so and, if you can keep him in sight while you call for help.
First Aid Kit:
Keep a supply of first aid equipment in a clean, dry container, and replace anything you see as soon as possible. Take some antiseptic wipes with you on outings, to clean cuts and grazes.
Life Saving Techniques:
Familiarize yourself with these instructions so that you can act quickly in an emergency. Every second counts. If your baby or child seems to be unconscious, follow these procedures before treating any injuries. If he has stopped breathing, it is vital to get air into his lungs quickly, so that he doesn’t suffer brain damage.
By breathing your own air into his lungs, you can prevent this, and revive your child. If his heart has stopped beating, you can pump it manually to keep his blood circulation round his body. Don’t give up- children have revived after several hours of resuscitation.
Remember, if your child has injured his neck or spine– for example, after a bad fall- doesn’t move him unless it is absolutely essential. Leave him in whatever position you found him while you check whether he is breathing.
If you need to perform artificial respiration, get someone to help you if possible. Turn your child on to his back very gently without twisting his spine- try to hold his head, shoulders and hips, so that his body turns as a single unit.