About 8 percent of the pregnant women around the globe experience the condition of low amniotic fluid levels during their pregnancy.Amniotic fluid is the liquid which surrounds your baby and protects him from external shock and infections, while he is in your womb.
At first,the amniotic fluid will comprise of the water provided by the mother, and after 20 weeks,it will mainly consist of fetal urine.Low amniotic fluid level is medically termed as oligohydramnios.
A rupture in your amniotic sac might cause the leaking of the amniotic fluid leading to oligohydramnios. This happens usually during the later stage of pregnancy.Placental problems may also in turn cause the condition of low amniotic fluid levels.
The condition of low amniotic fluid levels in the second trimester is linked to fetal abnormalities which makes the baby unable to produce enough urine to boost up the levels of amniotic fluid.The abnormalities may include improper development of the kidney, a block in the urinary tract and congenital heart diseases.
If the expectant mother has certain medical conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes, then she will have an increased chance of having oligohydraminos.Multiple pregnancies can also cause the condition of low amniotic fluid.
Low amniotic fluid levels during early pregnancy may hinder with the proper fetal development.Too little fluid can cause incomplete lung development which is termed as pulmonary hypoplasia.It also causes poor fetal development, increases the risk of preterm delivery, causes miscarriage and even still birth.
If oligohydramnios occurs during late pregnancy,then it might lead to the compression of the umbilical cord during labor.As a result, the oxygen supply to the baby will be disturbed and the baby will develop breathing difficulties.The chance of a normal delivery will become very low and the doctor will mostly opt for a cesarean section.
Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) evaluation is one of the main methods by which doctors determine the amniotic fluid levels. Drinking lots of fluids is seen to help in increasing the amniotic fluid levels
If you develop the condition of low amniotic fluid levels during early pregnancy, then the baby’s heart beat and development will have to be monitored continuously without fail.An amniocentesis test will also be conducted to check for fetal abnormalities.
If you are close to full term of pregnancy, then the doctor will usually try to speed up your delivery.