Measles is an acute viral disease that is contagious and occurs usually in childhood. It is also called rubeola and is characterized by fever, running nose, sore throat, inflamed eyes, cough and red colored eruptions on the body.
The rashes appear after 14 days of incubation and then last for another 5 to 10 days. The kids may even develop sensitivity to light and most of them develop white spots inside their mouth on the inner side of the cheek and these spots have bluish-white centers.
Measles usually starts with a mild fever which then progress with persistent cough, eye inflammation, sore throat, moderate fever and after three days white spots begin to appear in the mouth and these spots are also called koplik’s spot.
In most of the cases the fever then spikes and may even reach up to 104 to 105 degree F and along with this fever red rashes sprouts mostly on the face, behind the ears and along the hairline which then spreads to chest, back and lastly to the thighs and feet. In 5 to 10 days the rashes begins to disappear in the same manner it appears.
Causes of Measles
It is caused by virus that lives in the mucous in the throat and nose of the infected kid and the infected kid can spread the disease four days prior to the appearance of rashes to four days after the healing of rashes. When the kid sneezes, coughs or talk, the infected droplets lands on the other person where it can remain live for several hours.
These viruses can get in to the body of another person when he touches the infected surface and touches his eyes, nose or mouth. In very rare cases measles leads to ear infection, bronchitis, pneumonia, encephalitis, low platelet count etc which are very serious and may even leads to mortality.
Being a parent it’s your duty to take vaccination for your child against measles and the vaccine used for this is MMR vaccine which can prevent measles, mumps and rubella. In order to get complete protection child should get two doses of this vaccine and the first dose is usually given in between the age of 12 to 15 months and the second dose will be given between 4 to 5 yrs. Proper and timely vaccination can protect your child from all the above complications and hence do the vaccination to ensure that your child is secured.