Staphylococcus is a bacterium that causes infection in kids like skin disease, food poisoning, infection in blood, bone, pneumonia etc. Most of these diseases can be cured with oral or topical application of antibiotics.
But in certain cases kids may not respond to the antibiotic treatment then further test should be done to detect whether the child has MSRA infection or not.
MSRA is the methicillin resistant staphylococcus aurens bacteria that remain normally on the skin, nose etc without causing any harm until the skin breaks or scratches. If the child is given antibiotics for fever, ear infection etc then the staphylococcus that remain on the skin also gets exposed to that antibiotics and develops resistance towards the antibiotic.
Most of the time MSRA infection concentrates a particular area of the skin and the skin becomes red, swollen, pimple or rash like and painful very quickly. Many times the infected area looks as if having a spider bite.
These skin areas get filled with pus and become abscesses which need surgical drainage at times. In certain cases, bacteria penetrate deep in to the skin and gets in to the blood stream, bone and cause fever, chills, breathing difficulty, chest pain and may even spread to lungs, joints or other body parts.
If the staph infection symptoms are not subsiding then your doctor may recommend for the culture of the drainage taken from the infected area.
Even though MSRA is resistant to methicillin or penicillin like antibiotics it may respond to the some antibiotics such as clindamycin, bactrim, vancomycin etc.
Vancomycin is found to be well tolerated and effective in kids and hence most of the doctor’s prescribe these antibiotics if they suspect the child to have MSRA infection and they may even start the treatment before obtaining the culture results as it takes long.
In certain cases draining the abscesses is sufficient to treat the infection. Usually MSRA infection spreads from direct contact with the infected person and at times even from indirect contact. Hence teach the kids to wash their hands thoroughly with water and soap and keep their wounds, cuts, abrasion etc on the skin neat and covered.
Teach your kid the habit of avoiding sharing of towels, clothing and sheets with others and also teach then to bath after outdoor game. Also limit the intake of antibiotics by your kids unless it’s necessary as excessive use of antibiotic is a major cause of this infection.