Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder which is seen to affect about 5 to 10 percent of women in the reproductive age. In this condition the ovaries of a woman develop more number of follicles than the normal amount every month.
Most of these follicles enlarge and ripen, but they do not release an egg. Instead they reside in the ovaries in the form of cysts. These cysts prevent the normal functioning of the ovaries.
It disrupts the process of ovulation thus causing a woman to have irregular or missed periods. This poses problems for women who are trying to conceive. PCOS is thus considered to be one of the main causes of female infertility
If you have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, then you will have many problems related to your monthly periods. Irregularity of periods and very heavy or very light bleeding during periods are two main symptoms of PCOS. Chronic pelvic pain, obesity and excessive growth of facial and body hair are the other symptoms.
Females suffering from Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome will also tend to have oily skin, acne and excessive skin growth termed as skin tags on their underarms and necks.
PCOS also increases the risk of contracting conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. Women having poly cystic ovaries may also have high levels of cholesterol and can also face problems related to the normal functioning of organs like heart and liver.
Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome if diagnosed at the proper time can be treated efficiently.The diagnosis will be done based on your medical history, blood tests to determine the hormonal levels and ultrasound scans which can confirm the presence of poly cystic ovaries.
It is very difficult for women with PCOS to get pregnant.Even if they get pregnant, the rate of miscarriages is seen to be very high in such cases. They are also susceptible to complications like gestational diabetes, hypertension and pre eclampsia.Women having PCOS have a very high tendency to give birth to premature babies.
By proper treatment, the fertility of a woman having PCOS can be improved and also the complications she might have in case she gets pregnant can be avoided.
There are many effective medications for the treatment of PCOS. Sometimes the doctor might prescribe hormonal treatment. Along with proper medications it is necessary that you have a healthy diet, do regular exercises and follow a healthy lifestyle.