Pregnancy planning helps to protect mother and fetus from various risk factors. Such planning helps to prevent birth defects and take into account health condition of a woman before she becomes pregnant.
Women suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney and heart related problems should plan their pregnancy under professional guidance. There are various issues like immunization, genetic or inherited disorders, birth control measures and nature of job that need to be taken care of before and during pregnancy.
Pregnancy planning addresses issues like nutrition and balanced diet, vitamin and other supplements, body weight and exercise. Normal pregnancy is possible without planning but women under medication, health disorders and addictions should plan their pregnancy. There is increasing awareness among women about importance and benefits of pregnancy planning.
Organs of a child begin to develop as early as fortnight after conception. Fertilized egg begins to develop, even before it can be traced by a missed period. Some women continue to have light bleeding in first few months that is mistaken as menstrual period. In some cases pregnancy is realized by weight gain or abdominal enlargement. In short, unplanned pregnancy is not detected at early stage. As the pregnancy is not detected or planned, a woman might expose herself to potential harmful activities or medications during this period.
Diabetes, thyroid problems, heart and kidney diseases and such similar health problems need to be controlled before becoming pregnant. Immunization from German measles (rubella) and chickenpox are desirable before conceiving. Blood tests are carried out to verify if a woman is carrier of Hepatitis B. Children of such women are immunized at the time of delivery.
Overweight women may face some typical problems after getting pregnant. Weight management is crucial part of pregnancy planning. Supplements like folic acid, taken at least four weeks ahead of conception reduce risk of birth defects.
Women addicted to smoking or alcohol need time, planning and guidance to quit or minimize such habits. These addictions are linked to early miscarriage, birth defects and infertility. Pregnancy planning helps such women to plan their pregnancy under proper guidance. Over the counter (OTC) drugs may be harmful for the fetus. Proper planning helps to detect pregnancy at early stage, minimizing risk exposure to OTC drugs.