Pregnancy requires careful planning to minimize the possible complications. Your baby may not be in front of your eyes at present but you may need to feed him or her right from the very first week of pregnancy. You have to get ready for your baby’s arrival even before conception.
For this you have to plan your diet cautiously and be ready to obtain all the essential nutrients needed for your baby’s growth and your overall health as well.
The nutritional demands of pregnancy may not be fulfilled even by a well designed diet plan and may result in deficiency of some vital nutrients. Hence, in order to ensure a safe and normal pregnancy you may need to take some pregnancy supplements. Some important pregnancy supplements are discussed below in brief.
Folate – It is also known as folic acid. It belongs to the B-group of vitamins and is abundantly found in fresh fruits and vegetables, legumes, nuts, orange and yeast. Taking a folate supplement right from the preconception period to the 1st trimester of pregnancy can significantly reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Folate plays an important role in the formation of red blood cells and as such helps to prevent anemia.
Iron- Your baby will draw significant amount of iron from your body for its development, especially in the first 5-6 months post birth. Hence, your body needs sufficient amount of iron to fulfill your as well as your baby’s nutritional needs. Consume the natural sources of iron including red meat along with good food sources of Vitamin C.
Calcium and Magnesium – Calcium is required for the skeletal development of your fetus and to maintain your bone health. If you also take magnesium along with it, it will help you to prevent and combat spasms and muscle cramps during pregnancy.
Vitamin C – It is an important antioxidant and provides several benefits by providing protection to your body against the damaging free-radicals. If you are deficient in this vitamin during pregnancy it may increase the possibility of anemia, low- birth weight, and preeclampsia. A will need to replenish with vitamin C because it is water-soluble and your body can not store it for future use.
Essential Fatty Acids – Your fetus needs Omega-3 and Omega-6 for its growth and development. DHA supplements are required for your baby’s brain development.