Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Recurrent pregnancy loss refers to three or more consecutive miscarriages. The chances of this happening are roughly 1% in today’s world marked by an unhealthy lifestyle.  But what are reasons behind this recurrent pregnancy loss? Let’s find out.

Genetic – this occurs due to a fault in the chromosomes of either of the parents. This happens in almost 5% of the cases. The chromosome map of a baby gets developed by taking 50% of the chromosomes of each of the parents. It might happen that the parents themselves are not facing any problems but the child still can have it. This is really sad. So it is suggested that the parents must undergo a simple blood test to get their own chromosome analysis done.

Anatomical – this can be divided into two main groups: cervical incompetence and a defect in the uterus. In the first case, if the cervix is too weak then it might not be able to hold pregnancy for too long. After around 16 weeks, a painless miscarriage takes place. This condition can be rectified through an operation wherein the cervix is sewed up. There are also quite a number of cases women are born with a uterus with an unnatural size. All these conditions can be medically treated.

Infection – sporadic miscarriages can happen due to infection from diseases like rubella, toxoplasmosis etc. but the role of these diseases in stimulating a miscarriage is not medically established. There is some other school of though which believes that an infection called bacterial vaginosis is also responsible for miscarriages. But this is still not yet proved.

Hormone – the reasons behind recurrent pregnancy loss could be uncontrolled diabetes, thyroid condition and hyper prolactinia. In 50% of such cases doctors also diagnose a polycystic ovary. However, doctors are unable to find any cause for the occurrence of polycystic ovary and its related ailments.

Some points out that excess hormone like LH are contributory factors. But please note that common procedures of injecting hCG injection at the start of pregnancy is not very helpful. This field requires more research and it is best not to let the patient be a subject of clinical trial.