Many women are not able to get pregnant easily. This could be due to various reasons. Two common reasons behind this could be the blockage of the woman’s oviducts and very less possibility of a sperm fertilizing an egg. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment can be of great help to such couples who want to have a child.
IVF is a kind of fertility treatment. This method is also described as a form of assisted reproductive technology. In IVF technique, fertilization of an egg takes place outside a woman’s womb. And when the fertilization stage is complete, the embryo is implanted into the uterus lining of the woman.
Millions of babies across the globe have been born as a result of IVF technique. This procedure is very popular mainly because of its high success rate, which is nearly 30%. But in the recent years, there have been glimmerings of concern that this popular technique is causing a number of exceptional medical abnormalities.
If you are planning to opt for IVF you must gain information about the risks associated with In Vitro Fertilization. Discussed below are some risks related to IVF.
Almost all medical and surgical procedures carry some potential risks. Some risks are linked to the IVF treatment too. Each step of the IVF process has its particular risks. These risks relate to the ovarian stimulation, collection of eggs, chance of an ectopic pregnancy, multiple pregnancies or failure of the IVF treatment.
Ovarian stimulation process can cause headaches and mood swings. It can also result in a severe condition called OHSS (Ovarian Hyper-stimulation Syndrome). Fluid retention, swelling of the ovaries, blood clotting, stroke, and pulmonary embolism are the common complications arising due to OHSS. Severe OHSS can even be life-threatening.
Anesthesia related risks can develop during the process of egg retrieval and the use of laparoscopy. Furthermore, problems such as infection, bleeding, harm to the bladder, bowel, or blood vessels can also arise.
There is an increased chance of a multiples pregnancy in the IVF treatment. The multiples during pregnancy are at an increased risk of premature delivery. Some studies reveal that babies born as a result of IVF have the risk of having low birth weight. The babies are also at an increased risk of birth defects.
In case of IVF, the risk of ectopic pregnancy is increased significantly, which could lead to spontaneous miscarriage.