One in every five pregnant women ends up with a positive gestational diabetes test during the second trimester of pregnancy. Diabetes is a result of the inability of the pancreas to produce adequate insulin.
It can also be caused by the inability of the body to utilize the insulin resulting in surge of glucose level in the blood. Gestational diabetes can occur in pregnant irrespective of whether they had diabetes before or not.
Diabetes that develops during pregnancy usually disappears after child birth.
Some signs of gestational diabetes are given below.
Excessive Weight Gain
A reasonable amount of weight gain is important for a healthy pregnancy. However, anything beyond normal weight gain becomes a cause of concern. Your doctor will prefer putting you on the gestational diabetes test if there is a sudden surge in your weight.
Excessive thirst, dry mouth and frequent trips to the bathroom could likely indicate gestational diabetes.
Women with gestational diabetes usually suffer from frequent hunger pangs. The inability of the body to provide glucose to the blood results in low energy levels. This makes the body crave for high calorie foods constantly.
It is true that pregnant women become tired easily. This is because the body is working round the clock during pregnancy. However, if you experience fatigue after a few minutes of walking then gestational diabetes is the culprit for your low energy levels.
If a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes she will suffer from recurring vaginal infection throughout pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes raises the level of blood in the body. This causes the lens of the eyes to swell. The result is a blurred vision. This becomes a problem since there are limited ways to correct diabetes induced blurry vision.
It is important for every pregnant woman to keep a track of her weight gained especially during the second trimester. She should also be on a watch out for other signs of gestational diabetes. She should also take the glucose tolerance test during the second trimester of pregnancy between 22nd and 28th week.
Gestational diabetes is not a life threatening disease of proper care is taken. If a pregnant woman tests positive for gestational diabetes she should follow the doctor’s advice regarding diet, exercise and medication. Most often gestational diabetes can be controlled with proper diet and appropriate exercises. However, in some cases medication including regular insulin shots will be required.