Staphylococcus is a bacterium that causes various types of infections in kids ranging from skin infection to life threatening endocarditis. Kids are more likely to get staphylococcus infection as they may not wash their hands properly and also from skin to skin contact with the infected people, sharing of towels, dress etc.
Children gets infection when these bacteria enter the skin through abrasion, cuts etc. Kids with eczema, psoriasis etc is more vulnerable to this infection. These bacteria may also gain entry to the kids through improperly cooked food.
The bacteria once entered in to the food and if not killed immediately may multiply and produce toxins which are difficult to destroy even with cooking. The foods that are commonly affected with staphylococcus are sliced ham, meats, poultry, egg salad, sandwiches, cream filled pastries, custards etc.
Skin Infection on Kids
The common skin infections caused in children are boils, impetigo, cellulites and scalded skin syndrome. Boils affects the hair follicles and makes them red, swollen and pus filled and is developed mostly in under arms, buttocks or groin. Impetigo is the large blister that oozes out liquid and develops honey colored crust mostly around the mouth and nose.
Cellulites are infection of hair follicle that makes the skin red and swollen. Scalded skin syndrome mostly affects the newborn and develops rashes and at time blisters. In certain cases the top skin layer peels off exposing the raw skin surface like a burn on the skin.
Symptoms of staphylococcus food poisoning appear with in one to six hours of consumption of contaminated food and cause abdominal cramps, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea etc. Usually this type of food poisoning last for a day or two but in certain severe condition it may last long.
Bacteremia is the poisoning of blood stream by these bacteria and is a serious condition with symptoms such as fever. It may infect internal organs like lungs leading to pneumonia and heart resulting in endocarditis.
When the child develops any of these symptoms take him to the doctor and treatment may vary according to the location and type of infection. Mostly antibiotics are administrated but only with care as many of the staphylococcus are resistant to antibiotics.
But food poisoning can be recovered only after running its course. It’s always better to prevent the staphylococcus infection rather than treating it and hence help your kid to wash the hands for at least 30 seconds in running water with a hand wash that contains around 60 percentage alcohol.