Listeriosis is a food-borne disease. It is a severe infection which is usually caused be eating foodstuff infected with the bacteria called Listeria monocytogenes.
Since these bacteria are present in the soil and can be carried by the animals, a lot of foodstuffs get contaminated easily. Listeriosis chiefly affects pregnant women, adults with weak immune system, and the newborns.
If you are pregnant and have contracted listeriosis, its symptoms may normally appear between 2-30 days after being infected. Some common symptoms of listeriosis infection during pregnancy are mild flu like symptoms such as muscle aches, headaches, fever, and dizziness.
These symptoms resemble flu or common cold. If you observe any of these symptoms you must meet your doctor and give him/her all the details.
Since listeriosis is contracted from contaminated foodstuffs, diarrhea or upset stomachs are the other primary symptoms observed during listeriosis infection. The sufferer may also show other symptoms like vertigo and dizziness, acute nausea and vomiting. Vomiting is considered good at this stage because it relieves the symptom of food poisoning to some extent.
Two symptoms of listeriosis namely nausea and vomiting are often confused with the distinctive morning sickness or nausea that is observed during the early pregnancy.
Hence these symptoms may be unnoticed in the beginning. But if vomiting and nausea are accompanied with flu like symptoms such as chills, dizziness, headaches and fever then the affected person must visit their doctor without delay.
If a pregnant woman does not get treatment for the listeriosis infection, she may begin to develop more severe symptoms of listeriosis. The infection can increase and extend to the nervous system.
This may affect the motor nerve control. At this stage some symptoms of severe listeriosis may appear in the patients. These signs and symptoms include a stiff neck, disorientations and even convulsions may result. If a pregnant woman notices these symptoms of listeriosis in her she must get prompt medical attention.
If a pregnant woman is otherwise healthy and does not have any basic disease that affects her immune system then listeriosis infection may not harm her in general. But listeriosis during pregnancy can be hazardous and dreadful for the fetal health. Listeriosis may lead to premature delivery, miscarriage, and even stillbirth.
The pregnant women are at an increased risk to listeriosis infections; hence they should take proper care and precautions to prevent listeriosis infection during pregnancy.