The placenta is something you will hear about constantly when you are pregnant. When you go for your checkups and ultrasound, you will be checked to see the growth and position of the placenta. It is good to know what the placenta is all about since it does play an important role in childbirth.
The plcaneta is a special organ. It’s job is to supply oxygen and nutrients to the growing embryo. The blood for the foetus and the mother’s blood come close together, but they do not mix. Certain drugs, nutrients and chemicals are all passed on to the baby through the placenta. Wastes are also passed out of the baby and expelled into the the mother’s body. It is also a barrier, and prevents poisons from entering the baby’s body.
The placenta is the place where oxygen, food and wastes are exchanged between the mother and baby. It is responsible for the baby’s nutrition and hence, for its growth and development. The placenta might only be wastes and blood in the mother’s uterus, but it has a very important role to play.
The placenta supplies hormones to the baby which help maintain it after the third month. The placenta weights about half a kilo when the child is fully grown in the mother’s womb and is ready to come out. The baby is connected to the placenta through what is known as the umbilical cord. It is expelled after the birth of the child.
The location and the position of the placenta also has a role in determining how the baby is born. If the placenta covers the cervix, there is no place for the baby to come out of the body, and the doctor will advise a cesarean section. There is also the case of the abortion of the placenta. This is where the placenta separates from the place where it is attached to this case. Here also, there is no chance of having a normal delivery. The placenta not only sustains the baby through its days in the mother’s womb, but also plays a role in the way that the baby is born.