They say that fertility is a gift from God. True…
But infertility need not necessarily be a curse anymore! With the plethora of treatment options available in this new era, infertility is almost a thing of the past.
Infertility treatments include therapies like drug and hormone therapy, Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) and surgical options that can be used judiciously depending on the severity of the problem.
Let’s take a look at the state of the art treatment options available for all those couples nurturing dreams of becoming proud parents one day…
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
This method involves fertilizing the egg in a laboratory and implanting it in the womb. IVF treatment results in test tube babies and is very effective for women with fallopian tube damage, endometriosis, and abnormal sperm transportation.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
The eggs that are obtained from the woman’s body is injected with a single sperm and either transferred back into the fallopian tubes or retained in the laboratory for a couple of days after which it is inserted in the uterus. ICSI helps those with low sperm count or low motility of sperms.
Artificial Insemination (AI)-The sperms that are treated in the laboratory are directly inserted into the uterus for fertilization with the egg. The rest is left to take a natural course. AI is befitting for males with low sperm count or abnormal sperms and females that reject sperms due to antibodies present in the cervix.
Drug Induced Correction
Fertility drugs can be used to regulate ovulation cycles in woman. The ovaries produce ova, which could be one or more with drug stimulation. Drug induced fertility treatments in men can increase the sperm count thereby increasing the chances of fertility.
A blocked fallopian tube can be relieved through surgery, which leads to natural conception. Similarly, a blocked sperm duct too can be repaired with surgical intervention.
Epididymal and testicular sperm extraction
In this process, which treats male infertility, the sperms are removed from the testis using a needle and fertilized through ICSI. The excess sperms that are collected can be frozen in sperm banks, which could be used for further treatments.
Infertility treatments sometimes fail to produce the desired results due to many reasons. Ovarian failure, zero sperm count, age factor and eggs that do not get fertilized are few of the reasons for failure to conceive. Donor’s eggs, sperms and embryos can be used for fertilization in these circumstances.
Infertility is no longer a scary condition. It can be treated effectively with specialists in the field.