Ultrasound is one of the standard diagnostic procedures prescribed by the obstetricians during the pregnancy period, to know the status of the unborn baby. To the expecting parents it is the most exciting moment, when they can visualize a sneak preview of their unborn baby on a computer screen. Through this image and associated reports, doctors can determine the health condition of the baby inside the uterus.
In this diagnostic process, high-frequency sound wave is used to bounce back from the body of the unborn baby and generate a picture of the baby’s figure. To perform this test a jelly-like substance is applied on the lower abdomen of the mother and a stick-like transducer is used on various position of the abdomen.
The image on the computer screen comes to be quite hazy. Unless the technician helps you, it will be very difficult to recognize your baby’s limbs or other body portions. But the report helps the obstetrician to find out information about the pregnant mother and the baby. It helps to monitor the heartbeat and diagnose the growth and age of the fetus.
It can also detect if there is any existing birth defects. The position of the placenta can also be identified from this test. So, this report is quite helpful for the doctor in treating the expecting mothers. Your doctor might suggest you to go through the ultrasound test at least twice during the pregnancy period, once in the early stage and one in the late trimester.
Many people may have a misconception about this test as it is harmful for mother and baby. Excessive exposure to the high-frequency sound wave could have adverse effect, but this test is done by considering all type of safety measures.
Also, when your doctor is prescribing this test, it cannot be something harmful to you. However, you should perform the test only when your doctor asks for it and the test must be performed by a trained and experienced medical professional of your doctor’s choice as untrained professionals can do serious harm to the fetus, which can be difficult to recover.