Uterine fibroids are large cell masses made up of tissues from your uterus. They are non cancerous and can vary in size from a few centimeters to around 16 centimeters.Uterine fibroids are a common condition seen in women around the globe, irrespective of age.
The symptoms of uterine fibroids include prolonged periods accompanied by heavy bleeding, pain during intercourse, pelvic pain, backache and constipation.
The fibroids can be classified as intramural fibroids which grow on the wall of the uterus, submucosal fibroids which grow in the inner cavity of the uterus and subserosal fibroids which grow outside on the surface of the uterus.
The presences of fibroids are usually confirmed by ultrasound scans
The change in the hormonal profile in your body during pregnancy is seen to contribute to the growth and development of uterine fibroids. The fibroids will shrink after pregnancy when the hormonal level decreases. Around 20 to 30 percent of pregnant women are diagnosed with this condition.
Fibroids may or may not pose as risk factor in your pregnancy. In some women the fibroids doesn’t cause any harm and will shrink in size naturally after the delivery. But in some others fibroids can lead to many complications and may even cause miscarriage.
Also fibroids are seen to be the cause of infertility in many women. The condition of fibroids causing infertility can be related to the size of the fibroids and their positioning inside the uterus .Intramural fibroids are seen to be the main cause of infertility.
The other complications can include preterm labor, heavy bleeding during pregnancy and unusual positioning of the fetus in the uterus. Sometimes doctors may recommend a cesarean section to prevent complications during delivery.
Removal of fibroids greatly increases your chance of conception. Depending on your age, position of the fibroids and its size, your physician will recommend the mode of treatment. By a process called myomectomy the fibroids can be removed safely from the uterus.
Keyhole surgery is also done for removal of fibroids. But this is not a recommended procedure for removing the intra uterine fibroids as it tends to weaken the uterus leading to complications in future pregnancies.
There are no precautionary methods which can be followed so as to avoid uterine fibroids. Diagnosis and treatment at the proper time is the only method to deal with this condition.