Vaginal bleeding and spotting can occur at any stage during pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding and spotting can mean serious complications, irrespective of what stage in the pregnancy it occurs. It can be a frightening experience for any expectant mom and you must contact your doctor immediately if you notice any bleeding or spotting. While some women do experience vaginal bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy, many of them go on to have healthy pregnancies without major complications. However, vaginal bleeding in the last few months of the pregnancy can be a cause of major concern, and can prove life-threatening for both the mother and the baby. This article discusses the causes of vaginal bleeding during late pregnancy.
There are many causes for vaginal bleeding during late pregnancy. Bleeding may be a sign of labor or some complications with the placenta. It could also be a sign of late miscarriage if you are in your second trimester. Preterm labor may also cause vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy. An inflamed cervix or cervical growths can be a cause for late pregnancy bleeding, though they are relatively uncommon. If the bleeding is very heavy, it could mean previa and placental abruption, both of which are common causes of late pregnancy bleeding.
Placental abruption is a serious condition which can endanger the life of the mother and the child both. Placental abruption occurs when the placenta detaches completely or partially from the uterus wall. Abdominal pain and uterine contractions are the most common symptoms which may or may not be accompanied by vaginal bleeding. Placenta previa is another complication that can cause vaginal bleeding and it occurs when the placenta lies too low in the uterus. If bleeding is severe, your doctor may schedule an immediate cesarean delivery to save the life of the mother and the child.
A few days before your due date, you may notice a small amount of bleeding. This is not a major cause for concern and happens when the mucous plug covering the cervix passes off to facilitate labor. Remember, vaginal bleeding during pregnancy warrants immediate medical attention and only your doctor will be in the best position to determine how serious the cause of the bleeding is.