All babies bring up a small amount of milk during or just after a feed. This is perfectly normal, and does not mean that your baby is ill, but until you are used to it, you may think that they are vomiting.
If your baby vomits, they will bring up most of their feed. This is unlikely in a breast- fed baby. Frequent vomiting in a bottle-fed baby, especially if they also have diarrhea, may be caused by gastro-enteritis. This is very serious problem because it can make them dehydrated very quickly.
Emergency Signs: Call for emergency help if your baby vomits all feeds in an eight hour period, has a dry mouth, sunken eyes and fontanels and lastly has a dry nappy for more than six hours.
What can be done to stop vomiting: Stop bottle-feeding for 24 hours and give your baby frequent drinks of either cooled boiled water or glucose solution or ask your chemist for oral dehydration solution. Give your baby, diluted feeds for the next three days, but make sure that they have enough to drink, so offer them a small amount after very hour.
You can go to the doctor, as he may prescribe a powder to be mixed with water for your baby to drink. If your baby has lost a lot of body fluid, the doctor might send them to hospital, where they may be given a liquid through a drip.
How can you prevent an upset stomach: Breast-fed babies rarely have upset stomachs, if you are bottle-feeding your baby, sterilize all feeding bottles and throw away any unfinished feed. When you make up feeds, cool them quickly under cold running water and store in the fridge. Never keep a feed warm for a long period.
Forceful Vomiting: Sometimes a baby vomits with great force, so that the vomit shoots across the room. If your baby does this at two successive feeds, consult your doctor as soon as possible. Much the most likely reason is that they have brought back part of their feed with a large burp of wind behind it.
However, if it happens after every feed, especially if your baby seems hungry all the time, they may have a condition called pyloric steno- sis, in which the outlet from the stomach becomes blocked. This condition runs in families, and usually develops when the baby is about two to eight weeks old. If your baby has this, they will need a simple operation.
Diarrhea: Until babies start eating solid food, they usually pass fairly runny stools a few times a day. If your baby passes very watery, greenish stools more often than usual, he has diarrhea.
This is serious in a young baby, since it may dehydrate him quickly. Make sure that your baby has plenty to drink so that he doesn’t become dehydrated. If you are breast feeding, offer your baby cooled boiled water between feeds. If you are bottle-feeding, make up diluted feeds for a few days, as for vomiting.